Law Enforcement

All statistics on the Law Enforcement dashboard have been accumulated through direct submission by each law enforcement agency participating in the Pennsylvania Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Information reported in the Pennsylvania Uniform Crime Reporting System (PAUCRS) is subject to edit for a period of five years.

PAUCRS data is provided on the first day of the month. PAUCRS data updates for a given month will cease after one year, and any subsequent updates to the data in the PAUCRS for that month will not be reflected. For the most accurate information, please visit the PAUCRS web site at http://ucr.psp.state.pa.us/UCR/Reporting/RptMain.asp. The data available in the Law Enforcement dashboards is current to the date noted in the footer (the AS OF date).

Report Indicators

  • Total Arrests: total number adult arrests per month. Arrests are primarily a measure of success by police in relation to the criminal offenses taking place within the area
  • Juvenile Arrests: total number of arrests for persons under age 18. A juvenile arrest occurs when a juvenile is taken into custody for committing an offense under circumstances such that if they were an adult, an arrest would be tallied. Juveniles arrested or taken into custody, but merely warned and released without being charged, are also counted as an arrest.
  • Adult Arrests: total number of arrests for persons age 18 and older. An adult arrest is counted for each adult processed by arrest, citation, or summons, including those individuals arrested and released without a formal charge being placed against them.
  • Part I offenses are defined as crime index offenses and are crimes that are considered by law enforcement to be the most serious crimes that readily come to the attend of police and occur with a frequency great enough to be reported as a separate classification. The following are crime index offenses: Criminal Homicide, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated Assault, Burglary, Larceny-theft (except motor vehicle theft), Motor Vehicle Theft, and Arson.
  • Part II offenses include all other offenses not defined under Part I. They include: All Other Offenses (Except Traffic), Assault, Disorderly Conduct, Driving Under the Influence, Drug Sale/Mfg/Possession, Drunkenness, Embezzlement, Forgery and Counterfeiting, Fraud, Gambling, Liquor Law, Offenses Against Family & Children, Prostitution and Commercialized Vice, Sex Offenses, Stolen Prop., Rec., Posses., Buying, Vagrancy, Vandalism, Weapons, Carrying, Posses, etc.
  • Age Cohorts: age cohort defined for persons age 18 and older.
  • Race: race groups defined as White, Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American, or Other.
  • Offenses Reported: total offenses reported to law enforcement, regardless of whether they are pursued.

Offender Identification (Fingerprinting) Dashboards

The goal for publishing offender identification information is to provide awareness of offender identification fingerprinting performance in the Commonwealth.

Information for the Offender Identification Dashboard is provided by the Administrative Office of the Pennsylvania Courts and the Pennsylvania State Police Bureau of Records and Identification. The Offender Identification Dashboard provides the fingerprinting rates (%) for adult cases for fingerprint-able offenses for all law enforcement agencies in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Private complaints are not included. The fingerprinting rate is:

Fingerprinted offenders criminal history arrest records / Disposed court cases = Fingerprinting Rate (%).

Fingerprint identification of arrested adult offenders is required as defined by Title 18 Section 9112 of the Pennsylvania Criminal Code. Law enforcement agencies must positively identify each arrested adult offender by fingerprinting to confirm the offender’s identity and to ensure the arrest is recorded in the offender's criminal history file. Criminal history files for all offenders are maintained for the Commonwealth by the Pennsylvania State Police.

The offender identification dashboard matches the number of criminal cases disposed at Pennsylvania’s Magisterial District Courts and Courts of Common Pleas against the fingerprinted criminal history arrest records for those cases maintained by the Pennsylvania State Police. Full compliance with the statutes means that for 100% of adult offenders in disposed cases, law enforcement has fingerprinted the offender and a record of the case has been added to the offender's criminal history record.

While the fingerprinting rate should be 100%, many arrests are not properly fingerprinted. Without positive fingerprint identification of the arrested person, the arrest record will not be recorded in the offender’s criminal history file. Failure by law enforcement officers to fingerprint the arrested offender is the primary cause of missing criminal history arrest records, but there are other causes including:

  • The requirement to fingerprint is not enforced.
  • Limited officer resources do not allow the time to transport an offender to a booking center
  • Booking centers are not available due to location or operating hours
  • Fingerprints taken by fingerprint cards are not properly processed
  • Offenders fail to comply with a fingerprint order

By avoiding these causes, criminal justice practitioners can increase their jurisdiction's fingerprinting rate and thereby reduce the risk to communities and police officers posed by incomplete offender criminal history files.

Offender Identification - State Dashboard: The Statewide dashboard provides summary information at the state and county levels. It includes all criminal justice jurisdictions within the Commonwealth.

Offender Identification – County Dashboard: The County dashboard provides information at the county and jurisdictional levels. It includes only those criminal justice jurisdictions at the county or local level.

Report Indicators

  • Adult Arrests: Arrest of an adult by a local law enforcement agency (see above).
  • Fingerprint Match/Fingerprint Compliance: An arrested offender is fingerprinted properly by the local law enforcement agency and the arrest record is successfully recorded in the offender’s criminal history record.
  • Adult Arrests Recorded: A properly fingerprinted arrest recorded in an offender’s criminal history file.
  • Case: A criminal justice proceeding in Pennsylvania’s Magisterial District Courts or Courts of Common Pleas
  • Offense: A criminal act as defined by statutes
  • Offense Categories
    • Felony: A serious offense punishable by imprisonment of up to seven years or more, or death, and/or a fine not exceeding $50,000.
    • Misdemeanor: An offense punishable by imprisonment of up to five years and/or a fine not exceeding $10,000.
    • Summary: An offense punishable by imprisonment of up to 90 days and/or a fine not exceeding $300.
  • OTN: Offense Tracking Number. A unique number assigned by the court to a particular arrest to track a defendant through the criminal justice system.
  • ORI: Originating Agency Identifier. An identifier given to each agency by the Pennsylvania State Police in order to track those agencies submitting information to the central repository. ORIs were developed by the National Crime Information Center (NCIC).
  • SID: State Identification Number. The fingerprint card is the only positive means of identification. The PSP Central Records/Criminal Records and Identification Division assigns a SID to each unique fingerprint card, with all information from subsequent fingerprint cards for the same individual linked to the SID.

Courts

Statistics on the Courts dashboard are from the Administrative Office of Pennsylvania Courts. Definitions listed below are directly from the AOPC Caseload Statistics report available on the AOPC website at http://www.pacourts.us/T/AOPC/ResearchandStatistics.htm.

Report Indicators

  • Court Type: identifies a court as Common Pleas or Magisterial District Courts (MDJ).
  • Age of Pending Cases: length of time between the date the case is filed to the disposition of the case.
  • New Cases: number of court cases that did not exist prior to the start of the reporting period but are active sometime during the reporting period. The filing date would be during the current reporting period.
  • Reopened Cases: number of court cases that became Active during the reporting period after previously being either Closed or InActive, and do not meet the criteria to be included as either Begin Pending or New Cases Received.
  • Withdrawn: number of court cases disposed as withdrawn during the reporting period.
  • Diversionary: number of court cases disposed as diversionary during the reporting period.
  • Guilty Plea: number of court cases disposed with guilty plea during the reporting period.
  • Inactive: a case currently in inactive status that, in order to be reflected in the inventory, was active at some point during the calendar year.
  • Pending time frames: number of court cases that are pending segmented by number of days.
  • Awaiting Sentencing: number of court cases awaiting sentencing during the reporting period.
  • Held: number of court cases which are bound-over to the Court of Common Pleas if the Magisterial District Judge determines the Commonwealth has established a prima facie case that an offense was committed and the defendant committed it.
  • Settled: number of court cases disposed of as settled during the reporting period.
  • Waived: number of court cases disposed of as waived during the reporting period in which the defendant waived his/her right to a preliminary hearing and the criminal case will move to the Court of Common Pleas for processing.
  • Other: Cases that were adjudicated or disposed during the reporting period that are not attributable to one of the other defined manners of disposition. These might include cases that were transferred to another jurisdiction prior to adjudication, cases where the defendant died prior to adjudication, or cases where the disposition was not yet recorded in the Common Pleas Case Management System at the time the report was run.
  • Dismissed: number of court cases disposed of as dismissed by the Magisterial District Judge during the reporting period.

Sentencing

Statistics on the Sentencing dashboard are from the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing. Additional information is available on the Sentencing website at http://pcs.la.psu.edu/publications-and-research/annual-reports.

Report Indicators

  • Age: age cohort defined for offenders based on most serious offense in criminal incident.
  • Race: race groups defined as White, Black, or Other for offenders based on most serious offense in criminal incident.
  • Gender: gender of the offender based on most serious offense in criminal incident.
  • Total Offenses: total number of offenses for all criminal incidents. A criminal incident is an offense or offenses committed by an offender on a specific date.
  • Sentence Imposed: percent of offenders sentenced by sanction (state prison, county jail, etc.) based on most serious offense in criminal incident.
  • Type of conviction: percent of offenders by disposition (bench trail, neg. guilty plea, etc.) based on most serious offense in criminal incident.

Jails

Statistics on the Inmate Characteristics and the Risk Indicator on the County Jails dashboard are from the Pennsylvania APPRISS and PA Department of Corrections Annual Statistical Report.

Report Indicators

  • Offender Count: number of offenders by county.
  • Age Cohorts: age cohort defined for persons age 18 and older.
  • Race: groups defined as White, Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American, or Other.
  • Military Service: number of offenders who reported Yes/No to military service.
  • Marital Status: number of offenders by marital status (married, divorced, single, etc.).
  • Gender: number of offenders by gender (Male/Female).
  • Drug/Alcohol Use: number of offenders by drug & alcohol use (Yes/No).
  • Mental Status: number of offenders who reported mental status.
  • Admissions: count of new inmates in county jails.
  • Releases: count of inmates released from county jails.
  • Length of Stay: difference between admission date and release data for inmates who have been released.
  • Average Length of Stay (ALOS): The average number of days an inmate at a correctional institution is incarcerated, calculated in one of two ways:
    1. Calculate the number of days served by each inmate from the specified timeframe (e.g., all inmates admitted in 2012) to determine each inmate's length of stay (LOS). Add up all of those figures to determine the total number of days served. Divide that number by the count of inmates from the same timeframe.
    2. Add up the daily count for each day in the specified timeframe (e.g., all inmates admitted in 2012) to calculate total inmate days. Divide that number by the total number of admissions for the same timeframe.
  • Per Diem Cost: The cost, per day, to incarcerate an inmate at a correctional institution. It is calculated by taking the total operational cost for a specified timeframe and dividing it by the average daily population (ADP) for that same timeframe. That result is then divided by the number of days in that same timeframe.

Probation & Parole

Statistics on the Probation and Parole dashboard are from two sources. County probation data is from the Pennsylvania Department of Justice Network (JNET). Additional information about the county probation is available at http://www.pajnet.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/pennsylvania_justice_network/4424. State probation data is from Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole. Additional information about state probation is available at http://www.pbpp.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/home/5298.

Report Indicators: State Parole

  • Offenders on Probation by Offense: number of offenders on probation by offense and the percent change in the number from previous month (ticker).
  • Age at Release: age cohort defined by persons age 21 and older.
  • Gender: gender of offender.
  • Offender Race/Ethnic Group: number of offenders by race/ethnicity (White, Black, Hispanic, etc.). For probation purposes, Hispanic is considered a race.
  • Parole Status: number of offenders by parole status (state sentence reparole, state sentence parole, etc.).
  • Supervision Status: number of offenders by supervision status (detainee, reporting, etc.).
  • Employment Status: number of offenders by employment status (full time, unemployed, etc.).
  • Level of Supervision: number of offenders by level of supervision (maximum, medium, etc.).
  • Remaining Time Under Supervision: percent of persons by time remaining under supervision from the date of the report.

Report Indicators: County Parole

  • Age of Offender: age cohort defined by person’s age 0 and older.
  • Gender: gender of offender.
  • Offender Race/Ethnic Group: number of offenders by race/ethnicity (White, Black, Hispanic, etc.). For probation purposes, Hispanic is considered a race.
  • Disposition: number of offenders by disposition type (parole, probation, etc.).
  • Employment Status: number of offenders by employment status (full time, unemployed, etc.).
  • Charge Code: County set change code.
  • Length of Time Under Supervision: total time offender is under supervision.
  • Level of Supervision: number of offenders by type of supervision (minimum supervision, close supervision, intensive supervision, administrative, regular supervision, pending).

Reentry

Statistics on the Reentry dashboard are a compilation of data source from the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections and the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole. For additional information on recidivism please view the full report.

Report Indicators

  • Inmates Released: number of offenders released from state incarceration returning to a Pennsylvania county.
  • Age: age cohort defined for persons age 18 and older released from state incarceration.
  • Race/Ethnicity: race groups defined as White, Black or African American, and Hispanic.
  • Gender: gender of the offender upon release from state incarceration.
  • Risk Level of Offender
  • Inmates Released by Zip Code: number of inmates released from state incarceration returning to a designated community established by zip code.
  • Parole Release: number of inmates released from state incarceration to state parole supervision.
  • Maxout Release: number of inmates released from state incarceration having completed their sentence.
  • Recidivism
    • Rearrest is measured as the first instance of arrest after inmates are released from state prison.
    • Reincarceration is measured as the first instance of returning to state prison after inmates are released from state prison.
    • Overall Recidivism is measured as the first instance of any type of rearrest or reincarceration after inmates are released from state prison.

Victims

Statistics on the Victims dashboard is from two sources: Administrative Office of Pennsylvania Courts and Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency SAVIN (Statewide Automated Victim Information and Notification) statistics. Additional information about the AOPC data is available at http://www.pacourts.us/news-and-statistics/research-and-statistics/. Additional information about the SAVIN data is available at www.pasavin.com.

Report Indicators

  • SAVIN Registrations: number of victims registered in the SAVIN system (statewide victim identification network).
  • New SAVIN Registrations: number of new registrants for current month in SAVIN system.
  • Confirmed Notifications: number of victims notified by type of notification (email, phone, etc.).
  • Restitution: compensation for the loss caused to a victim that is assessed and disbursed by the court.
  • Compensation Claims: percent of claims by offense.
  • Compensation Claims and UCR Offenses: number of claims by murder and UCR murder offenses.